Combination of lumbar erector spinae plane block and transmuscular quadratus lumborum block for surgical anaesthesia in hemiarthroplasty for femoral neck fracture
Femur neck fractures may occur in elderly patients with multiple co-morbidities. Spinal or general anaesthesia may not be safe in such patients, leading to a search for other safer alternatives. Herein, we report a case in which a never previously reported combination of quadratus lumborum block (QLB) and erector spinae plane block (ESPB) was successfully used as the main anaesthetic method for hemiarthroplasty. An 86-year-old female patient with severe aortic stenosis was scheduled for internal fixation or hemiarthroplasty due to right femoral neck fracture. Following sedoanalgesia, the patient was placed in lateral decubitis position and ESPB and transmuscular QLB were performed from the fourth lumbar vertebra level. Adequate and effective surgical anaesthesia was achieved and hemiarthroplasty was performed. The combination of lumbar ESPB and QLB can be used for the anaesthesia management in high-risk patients undergoing hemiarthroplasty.