Bladder Neck Collagen Injection in the Treatment of Congenital Retrograde Ejaculation: A Case Report
The present study describes the first successful treatment of a congenital retrograde ejaculation case with a submucosal collagen injection to the bladder neck. A 28-year-old male (height 170 cm, weight 80 kg) attended to the urology outpatient clinic with complaints of scattered urine stream and absence of ejaculation. The laboratory tests, including hormone profile (follicle stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, and testosterone) and the routine blood count were within normal ranges, whereas semen analysis demonstrated a total absence of ejaculation. The analysis of post-ejaculate urine specimens revealed an elevated sperm concentration indicative of retrograde ejaculation. The cystoscopy was performed; the prostatic urethra was normal, the verumontanum was in the orthotopic position, and the bladder neck was wide opened. Dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer (Deflux, 8 ml) was injected into the bladder neck at clock positions of one, five, seven, and 11 o'clock. During the same procedure, the large opening in the vesical collum was obliterated. During the first followup (four weeks after surgery), the patient was able to produce a normal (2.8 ml) ejaculation volume. The sperm analysis revealed normozoospermia, with 25 million spermatozoa/ml, 26% (a) and 57% (a + b) motility, and 14% normal morphology. The submucosal bladder neck collagen injection is a minimally invasive technique that quickly restores anterograde ejaculation and should be considered in the patients with congenital or acquired retrograde ejaculation and for those who did not respond to the medical treatment.