Evaluation of Factors Affecting the Type of Gallstone
The aim of this study is to determine the factors affecting the formation of the gallstone types of cholesterol and pigment stones. This descriptive and retrospective study comprised 164 patients who underwent cholecystectomy. Research data were obtained using a data collection form with 34 questions developed by the researchers based on the relevant literature. Statistical analysis of the data was made on SPSS 15.0 software using the percentage assessment method and chi-square test. Advanced statistical analysis of the data was performed using multivariate logistic regression. Cholesterol stone was found to form in individuals with anemia, those going through the menopause, and those consuming liquid oil and not undertaking exercise. The risk of pigment stone formation was found to be higher in the obese and those with liver disease and who do not consume milk. From the results of the study, it was determined that the dietary habits, chronic diseases, and lifestyle behaviors of individuals could be effective factors in the formation of cholesterol and/or pigment stone.