Short-term results of surgical treatment with cephalomedullary nails for basicervical proximal femoral fractures
Soylemez, Mehmet Salih
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The treatment of basicervical femoral fractures remains controversial. The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of intramedullary nail use in the surgical treatment of basicervical fractures. In total, 28 patients with basicervical fractures treated with proximal femoral nails were examined retrospectively. Fracture healing was observed in all patients, who were followed at least for 6 months. While the average radiological fracture healing timing was similar to 10.5 (8-14) weeks, clinical fracture healing occurred in 6 (5-9) weeks on average. Screw cut-out, avascular necrosis, femur fracture, and surgical wound infections did not occur in any patient. Severe collapse (> 10%) was not noted in any patient. The postoperative mean Harris hip score was 81.2 +/- 21.3. Osteosynthesis application with a proximal femoral nail in basicervical proximal femur fractures is a surgical treatment that can be performed with minimally invasive techniques without open surgery. This is a rapid, sound, and simple treatment method with low morbidity.