Comparison of conventional radiography combined with ultrasonography versus nonenhanced helical computed tomography in evaluation of patients with renal colic
The aim of this study is to determine whether kidneys ureters bladder X-ray (KUB) film combined with ultrasound (US) can be effectively used in evaluation of renal colic and miss stones with clinically significant size identified on nonenhanced computed tomography (NECT) in patients with urolithiasis. This retrospective study evaluated the clinical and radiological records of 300 patients at our institution undergoing KUB and/or US and/or NECT for the evaluation of renal colic from June 2007 to December 2010. Of patients with negative findings on KUB and/or US, 22 had renal stones on NECT (mean size 4.4 mm, range 3-8), 3 had lower ureteral stone (mean size 3.3 mm, range 2-5). In patients with isolated suspicious renal ectasia without stone image, two had renal stone on NECT (mean size 4 mm, range 2-6), 5 had upper ureteral stone (mean size 4.4 mm, range 4-6), 7 had middle ureteral stone (mean size 3.7 mm, range 3-4) and 14 had lower ureteral stone (mean size 4 mm, range 2-6). The cost-effective and almost radiation-free combination of KUB and US should be preferred for diagnosis of urolithiasis, as it detects most of the ureteral and renal calculi which are clinically significant.