Pneumorrhachis Associated with Bronchial Asthma, Subcutaneous Emphysema and Pneumomediastinum
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Pneumorrhachis is defined as the presence of air in the epidural space or subarachnoid space. The air may migrate along fascial planes from the posterior mediastinum, through the neural foramina, and into the epidural space. Pneumorrhachis is rare, and even more so in the paediatric population. Pneumorrhachis in itself usually is asymptomatic, does not tend to migrate and reabsorbs spontaneously. The combination of pneumomediastinum with epidural pneumorrhachis without thoracic trauma has rarely been reported in the literature. The present case report describes the presence of pneumomediastinum, subcutaneous emphysema, and pneumorrhachis in a child asthmatic patient who had a history of fever, violent cough.