Comparison of uterine artery blood flow with levonorgestrel intrauterine system and copper intrauterine device
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Background: As a contraceptive method, we investigated whether the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) has any effect on uterine artery blood flow when compared with copper intrauterine device (IUD). Study Design: Sixty women with copper IUD and 60 women with LNG-IUS were included in the study. The age, gravidity, parity, body mass index (HMI) and menstrual flow pattern using a pictorial chart were recorded. All women were assessed by ultrasonography at the preinsertion period and 1 year after insertion. The pulsatility and resistance indices (PI and RI, respectively) of the uterine artery and endometrial thickness were evaluated in the preinsertion and postinsertion periods. Results: In copper IUD users, preinsertion and postinsertion ultrasonographic assessments were not significantly different. However, postinsertion RI was significantly higher compared with preinsertion RI in LNG-IUS users (p=.001). The PI was also increased 1 year after insertion, but it did not reach statistically significant levels (p=.08). Endometrial thickness was also significantly decreased in the postinsertion period in women with LNG-IUS (p=.04). Conclusion: The significant increase in uterine artery RI in LNG-IUS users 1 year after insertion might be due to its local progestational effects. It might also indicate the mechanism of the LNG-IUS in reducing menstrual blood flow. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.