Turkey working street children in three metropolitan cities: a rapid assessment
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CitationAkşit, B., Karancı, N. Gündüz-Hoşgör, A. (2001) Turkey, Working Street Children in Three Metropolitan Cities: A Rapid Assessment, Geneva: Interenational Labour Organization. 99 p.
The International Labour Office’s International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (ILO-IPEC) in Turkey has been working towards the goal of the total elimination of child labour since 1992. The adoption of ILO Convention 182 on the Worst Forms of Child Labour and the recent ILO-IPEC-supported national march for the ratification of ILO Convention 182 in Turkey have brought the issue of child labour onto the national and international agenda. The present rapid assessment research is a step towards reaching the goal of elimination of one of the worst forms of child labour: children working in the streets. Struggles against poverty, and in some cases social unrest, have pushed many rural families in Turkey to the cities. Internal migration has increasingly become one of the main survival strategies of poor families, especially those from the eastern part of the country. These families come to the city and are challenged by lack of skills and unemployment. An outcome of this social situation is children working in the streets. The aim of this research was to identify the kinds of work done by children, their living and working conditions, the socio-demographic characteristics of the families of these children, the attitudes of the children and their families towards street work and education, and the attitudes of experts from various related institutions as well as of customers towards children working in the streets. The research employed the ILO-UNICEF rapid assessment methodology. Four different types of data collection were carried out to provide a picture of the families, work conditions, school attendance and attitudes of children working in the streets: (1) semi-structured interviews with 188 working children and 65 parents, and household members in the three cities of Diyarbakır, Adana and Istanbul; (2) in-depth and focus-group interviews with experts from various related institutions and customers; (3) observations of the children's work sites and their homes; and (4) literature review of study reports on children engaged in street work and other related material. Due to the largely qualitative nature of the rapid assessment methodology, the understanding gained from the research findings is framed not only as an external observers’ objective and explanatory depiction, but also through the stories and reports of the internal-subjective voices of the children and their families.
SourceInternational Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC)
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