Shifting conceptions of science, religion, society and state in Turkey
CitationAkşit, B. ve Akşit, E. E. (2010). Shifting conceptions of science, religion, society and state in Turkey, Middle East Critique, 19(1), s. 71-87.
There are certain intellectual concepts that have emerged from Turkey’s experience of societal, cultural and political transformation through the processes of industrialization, modernization, rationalization and the general global expansion of Western ideas and systems. Concepts in science and about society have not been static, but undergoing change, and they also have been intimately involved in the transformations of Turkey’s cultural, economic and political structures through the processes of Westernization, secularization and modernization. These structures and processes now are undergoing a twin transformation of globalization and localization. Among these concepts are the ones typically found in sociology textbooks, such as society, community, culture, civilization, economy, power, nation-state, religion, science, modernization and development. These concepts, however, are not theory-free, culture-free or ideology-free, and their relationships with each other and hence their meanings are context-bound, theory-bound and culture-bound. The objective of this article is to follow the evolution of a few of these concepts in the everyday language and discourses of media pundits and of secular and religious intellectuals. Our approach examines various sociological and historical research and analyses, and proposes the beginning of a road map for future investigations.
SourceMiddle East Critique