The Transfer of Slobodan Milosevic to The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (the ICTY) and the turning point in international humanitarian law
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CitationAksar, Y. (2002). The Transfer of Slobodan Milosevic to The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (the ICTY) and the turning point in international humanitarian law. Ankara Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Dergisi. 51(2), s. 19-33.
The international community has witnessed many human rights violations which have also constituted violations of international humanitarian law throughout the tvventieth century. As of the end of World War II, the number of conflicts of an international nature declined and the number of internal conflicts has increased. in compliance with this fact, internal conflicts and tyrannical regimes made millions of people the victims of unimaginable atrocities that deeply shock the conscience of humanity. From World War II through 1996, the number of people killed reached as many as 86 million people in 220 non-international armed conflicts, including the acts of tyrannical regimes as well.' Until the last decade of the twentieth century, there have been only few prosecutions of responsible persons either at the international or national level and the practice of impunity was common to bring an end to the ongoing conflicts." in the last decade of the tvventieth century, the large scale of killings, rape and other forms of sexual violence, "ethnic cleansing", genocide and other types of crimes committed in the territories of the former Yugoslavia and in Rwanda impelled the international community to bring those responsible of such crimes to justice. On this ground, the UN Security Council established "the International Criminal Tribunal for the Prosecııtion of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1991" (hereinafter the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia: the ICTY)3 and "the International Criminal Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for the Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of Rwanda and Rwandan Citizens Responsible for Genocide and Other Such Violations Committed in the Territory of Neighbouring States, between 1 January and 31 December 1994" (hereinafter the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda: the ICTR)4 aeting under Chapter VII of the UN Charter in 1993 and in 1994 respeetively.
SourceAnkara Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Dergisi
- Makale Koleksiyonu