Reductions of topologically massive gravity II. First order realizations of second order lagrangians
CitationÇağatay Uçgun, F., Esen, O, ve Gumral, H. (2020). Reductions of topologically massive gravity II. First order realizations of second order lagrangians. Journal of Mathematical Physics. 61(7).
Second order degenerate Clement and Sarolu-Tekin Lagrangians are casted into forms of various first order Lagrangians. The structures of the iterated tangent bundle and acceleration bundle are presented as a suitable geometric framework. Hamiltonian analyses of these equivalent formalisms are performed by means of the Dirac-Bergmann constraint algorithm. All formulations are shown to possess only second class constraints.