Factors affecting treatment motivation among Turkish patients receiving inpatient treatment due to alcohol/substance use disorder
Motivation is a significant factor in the treatment of addiction and has been proven to be a predictor of treatment outcomes. The present study investigated the effects of clinical variables, perceived social support, temperament, and personality traits on treatment motivation. This study included 100 patients whose detoxification treatment was completed following hospitalization in Alcohol and Drug Research, Treatment, and Training Center (AMATEM). Treatment motivations were assessed through Motivation for Treatment scale (MfT). Addiction Profile Index (API) was used to evaluate drug use characteristics, craving, and the effects of drug use on life. Temperament and character traits and perceived social support were evaluated by Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), respectively. The number of treatment admissions, presence of a history of previous inpatient treatment, completed inpatient treatment, social support from the family, harm avoidance, substance use characteristics, craving, and the effect of substance on life showed differences while motivations of the patients were compared. Presence of a history of previously completed inpatient treatment, presence of high social support from the family, and significant recognition of the effects of substance on own life were evaluated as the factors predicting high motivation. The present study demonstrated that social support from family, previously completed inpatient treatment, and effect of substance in life had significant impact on motivation. Therefore, the assessment of these factors will aid in better understanding this population and in the design of long-term treatment plans. © 2019, © 2019 Taylor & Francis.