Total cholesterol-to-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio predicts high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels in Turkish children
MetadataShow full item record
Background High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is a biomarker of continued long-term systemic inflammation and cardiovascular (CV) risk. Objective To analyze the association of hs-CRP levels with CV risk factors in healthy school children. Methods The study sample was derived from a survey on the prevalence of CV risk factors (dyslipidemia, obesity, high blood pressure, and insulin resistance in school children. Along with anthropometry, hs-CRP levels, lipids, glucose levels, and insulin levels were measured. Results Ninety-one male (12.5 ± 3.4 years) and 77 female students (12.7 ± 3.4; P =.624) were included. Median (interquartile range) hs-CRP levels were similar among boys and girls (0.4 [1.2] vs 0.5 [0.7]; P =.928). Risk factors such as obesity (16%), high triglycerides (20%), low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C, 16%), and elevated blood pressure (25%) were commonly observed in study participants. Gender-stratified analysis displayed that insulin resistance (18 [19.8%] vs 3 [3.9%]; P =.002) and high triglycerides (26 [28.6%] vs 8 [10.4%]; P =.003) were more commonly observed among boys compared with girls. hs-CRP levels correlated positively with cardiometabolic risk factors such as waist circumference (boys) and total cholesterol (TC)-to-HDL-C ratio. Linear regression analysis displayed that among the covariates of age, body mass index, and glucose, TC-to-HDL-C ratio was the most significant determinant of hs-CRP levels (P =.004). Conclusion Cardiometabolic risk factors such as TC-to-HDL-C ratio correlate with hs-CRP levels in children and adolescents. Long-term prospective studies are needed to confirm the association between hs-CRP and cardiometabolic risk in children. © 2015 National Lipid Association.