Is a Combination of the Serratus Intercostal Plane Block and Rectus Sheath Block Superior to the Bilateral Oblique Subcostal Transversus Abdominis Plane Block in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy?
Thomas, David Terence
Serifsoy, Talat Ercan
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Objective: The serratus intercostal plane block (SIPB) is a recently defined interfascial plane block. The oblique subcostal transversus abdominis plane block (OSTAP) is another type of interfascial plane block, and it is also used as a part of multimodal analgesia in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). In this retrospective study, we evaluated the effects of the bilateral OSTAP and a combination of the right SIPB and bilateral rectus sheath block (RSB) on the postoperative pain and analgesia requirement in patients undergoing LC. Materials and Methods: Data of the patients who underwent LC between May 2018 and November 2018 were evaluated retrospectively. Postoperative pain was evaluated using the numeric rating scale (NRS), and 24-hour tramadol consumption and rescue analgesia requirements were compared. Results: Bilateral OSTAP was applied to 47 patients, and SIPB+RSB was applied to 25 patients. Postoperative pain scores were similar between the two groups. In the first 24 hours, tramadol requirement in the SIPB+RSB group was significantly lower than in the OSTAP block group (p<0.001). There was no statistically significant difference between the NRS averages at different time frames between the two block groups. Conclusion: We found that when SIPB is used as a part of multimodal analgesia in a combination with RSB in LS, it improves the quality of analgesia and decreases the analgesic requirement compared to patients undergoing a bilateral OSTAP block. Randomized controlled trials are necessary to compare the effects of SIPB alone and in a combination with other blocks in LC.
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